Turkey is known as a tourist destination by many, but is also viewed as a nation with some of the most widespread internet censorship. Extreme bans have just been instituted with the complete — and believed to be permanent — ban of Tor. The extreme censoring began in December when President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan ordered the censoring of access to VPNs and Tor. The new ban puts the privacy of millions in Turkey at risk, and allows the government to surveil the country with increasing ease.
While it is now more difficult to access Tor, it is still possible. Citizens can use Tor Bridges and connect through a gateway node that has not been cut off by the government.
This is not the first case of internet censorship on the part of Turkish officials; In March of 2014 the Turkish President attempted to “eradicate” twitter with a total ban of all social media sites. Even though legislation has been passed, users are still finding ways to circumvent the censorship; Turkey is a country with one of the highest ratios of Twitter users to total population.
According to a transparency report released by Twitter, in the first half of 2016 Turkey had filed 94% of all removal requests between all countries combined. There were 712 court orders filed last year by Turkey, with a total of 761 worldwide. Per twitter reports, the removal requests cited violations of personal rights under Article 24 of Turkish Civil Code and defamation under Article 125 of the Turkish Criminal Code.